With just a piece of fabric grasping on the lower part of the body through time, the longyi has made it become an incredible pattern of Myanmar traditional costume for both men and women. In this article, we are going to find out the secret of Myanmar quintessence through Longyi, about why it has been worn for centuries by the Burmese people. The dress is a long cylindrical piece of fabric which is about 2 meters long and 80 centimeters wide.
The top of the costume is tucked in at the waist, especially for women. While male fold up and knot the garment elegantly in front to fit with their body; females pull all of the cloth to one side, fold back and tuck into the opposite.
The most common masculine models are checks, squares, and vertical stripes or horizontal circular bands. Besides, there is a wider range of choices for women. The patterns could diverse among stars, checks, stripes or even teardrops with all sizes and colors. Some prefer self-plain textiles. The upper garments to wear with longyi are varied.
To men, instead of wearing the traditional long shirt of Myanmar in the old day, they now switch to white stiff-collared or T-shirts as casual wears, which somehow look like western style. On several occasions, they are supposed to put on outside the shirt a jacket with pockets and never-buttoned-buttons in front. There also have buttons of various shapes and colors, but they are just on one side of the top wear. And as men do, women must have a jacket outside informal events.
It is obvious that nowadays there exist numerous models of longyi, like splitting at the side, front or back. They may be shorter than the traditional. However, nothing can substitute the costume. Both tourist and Burmese people still favored the national costume because it symbolizes Myanmar lifestyletradition, and culture. It can be seen wearing by foreigners with excitement on the streets in big cities like Yangon.
In fact, it is not difficult to wear the longyi, you can wear it as a normal skirt or even more with a pocket to carry your necessary items.
You can follow these following guides to tie the longyi as you want. Step 2: Fold the longyi to fit your height. It is done! But wait, if you want to create a pocket within your longyi, when grasping two laps, pull them and wrap the longer right lap around the left to form a small pouch with the left lap in front of your abdomen. Locals buy the cloth and makeup longyi by themselves or by a local tailor. Tourists are suggested to buy silk fabric with high quality as the local Burmese, then have the tailor give some adjustments before creating one.
If you are in Yangon, you can find a good tailor in the Bogyoke market, cause they can recognize and offer what will suit with your appearance. If you are in Mandalay, Thein Nyo Silk workshop is highly recommended for you to purchase the various types of longyi. Your Name required. Your Email required.
Go Myanmar Tours tailor-makes unique Burma tours to help travelers explore Myanmar their way. We are a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our experiences of Myanmar with those looking for a more authentic travel experience. Myanmar Traditional Costume — Longyi. See also in Myanmar Lifestyle. Must-know Customs Before Visiting Myanmar. Social sharing Tweet. Myanmar Tours Feedback. Myanmar Tours Tripadvisor Reviews. We accept.Longyi is a sheet of cloth widely worn in Burma by both men and women.
It is worn around the waist, running to the feet. It looks like a skirt but it is longer. It is like an ankle-length dress. Longyis absolutely suit the tropical climate in Myanmar as they are made from silk which is unique in keeping warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Therefore, longyis have long been in favor since the 19th century. Burmese man wearing Longyi in the street. There are various Longyi brands of all sizes and colors that you can find to buy in the shops. Silk longyis are smooth and long-wearing but you can't wash them.
If you're looking for washable longyi, then you should ask for U Gyan or search its online shop on Facebook, of which longyi is made of cotton. If you are travelling to this beautiful country and want too tryon these unique Myanmar traditional dress, we would like to suggest you 2 best places to buy Longyi in Myanmar:.
Bogyoke Aung San Market is one of the best places to buy longyi in Yangongive yourself a treat to this market where you can indulge yourself in a bazaar of stalls and shop selling everything from snacks and tableware to accessories and clothing. Friendly women will size you up for a traditional longyi skirt and blouse, made-to-measure upstairs in minutes.
A longyi shop. In Mandalay, weaving industry in Amarapura has been popular in the country as well as the people in this town have long considered silk-weaving as the main profession of Amarapura people.
Tourists should pay a visit to one of the silk-making workshops, especially the workshop called Thein Nyo Silk. It is the other best place to buy longyi that allows the most access to silk weaving process and offers silk at a reasonable price. Thein Nyo Silk workshop is a great place to buy Longyi. Spools of silk thread in Thein Nyo Silk workshop. Hence, travelling to this enchating country without buying a few longyis for yourself and your beloved ones must be a great pity.
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Get the best travel offers for your next vacation delivered to your inbox. Your information will never be shared with any third party. U Gyan - Best brand of Cotton Longyi in Myanmar If you are travelling to this beautiful country and want too tryon these unique Myanmar traditional dress, we would like to suggest you 2 best places to buy Longyi in Myanmar: 1.
Bogyoke Aung San Market Bogyoke Aung San Market is one of the best places to buy longyi in Yangongive yourself a treat to this market where you can indulge yourself in a bazaar of stalls and shop selling everything from snacks and tableware to accessories and clothing. Thein Nyo Silk In Mandalay, weaving industry in Amarapura has been popular in the country as well as the people in this town have long considered silk-weaving as the main profession of Amarapura people.
Myanmar Cruise Tips. Blog Posts. General Tourist Guide. Myanmar Destinations. Let us help you find your suitable cruise Could not find a suitable cruise in Myanmar? Mr Ms Mrs. Helena St. Yes, I want offers.One of the most iconic images of Myanmar is the traditional dress of the people, the longyi. This is a sheet of cloth sewn into a cylindrical shape, which is wrapped around and tucked in at the waist. When worn, it looks like a skirt but is longer, so it can cover the ankles as well.
Longyi can be worn by both men and women. The longyi is still very commonly worn by people in Myanmar right across the country, both in the countryside and in the city. With rapid modernization, you can see an increasing number of people on the streets wearing jeans and shorts, but even the more modernized Burmese will still own several longyi. Variations on the longyi can be found across India, Bangladesh, and some Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia.
In these other regions, the piece of cloth wrapped around the waist is variously known as lungi, longi, kaili, or sarong.
Even though longyi can be worn by both men and women, the wrapping method is slightly different for the different genders. This can be seen from the diagram below. What is unique about longyi is their function and versatility. Unlike in Indonesia where sarongs are not used as formal attire for men, the Burmese longyi can be worn both for everyday wear as well as formal occasions, even by men.
Not only that, longyi can also be used for activities requiring agility, even sports activities. For this, you pull the front side of the longyi backwards between the legs, and tuck it up behind the waist. In this way, the longyi become like shorts. You can learn how to do this from the video here. In rural areas, men and women can bathe in public areas with their longyi as cover for modesty. Changing can be done simply by stepping into a new longyi and dropping the old one. They can be worn upside down or inside out with no difference.
There are various styles specifically associated with various ethnicities. For example, Kachin is famous for diamond-shaped patterns, while Bama is famous for zigzag patterns. For women, flower patterns, also called Zar, are suitable for wedding and graduation ceremonies. So, having said that longyi can be worn for all kinds of occasions, each longyi is appropriate for a specific purpose, depending on the quality and pattern of the material.In most Asian countries, people rarely wear their traditional outfit every day.
Be it Kimono, or Ao daietc. However, it is different in Myanmar. Longyi — as how Myanmar traditional costume is called, is still surprisingly ubiquitous.
Longyi Myanmar must have had such a strong bond with Myanmar culture that it is not replaced by western clothing. In this article, we will deepen into insights of Myanmar traditional clothes and how it remains popular in this modern society.
It was not until the British colonial area that Longyi was introduced to Myanmar. Its predecessor is called Paso for men and Htamein for women. During this pre-colonial times, the type and amount of clothes greatly represented social status. The more fabric one had, the more affluent they were like to be.
The Longyi Traditional Dress of Myanmar
However, ever since its introduction, Longyi had been quickly adopted due to its convenience. Until now, it has become an unmistakable part of Burma culture.
Since people did not wish to wear excessively abundant clothes anymore; and silk, once an expensive material, became cheaper, Longyi is no longer a social indicator. Presently, people, rich and poor alike, can afford decent Longyi s. Each ethnic tribe in Myanmar seems to have its own Longyi style. Therefore, knowing the difference, you can easily tell where people come from based on the traditional clothes they wear. Cotton is the basic material for this Burmese clothing.
But elegant materials like silk are popular for special occasions. There are numerous styles which are associated with particular ethnicities. These unique designs are passed down from generation to generation of minor ethnic communities.
More importantly, they are handwoven. It does not stay in the country, but it gains popularity among Asia regions. In these places, the cylindrical dress is called by different names such as lungi, longi, kaili or sarong.
It is not a unisex costume. Each gender has its own signature fabric pattern. Also, how to wear Longyi differs between men and women. Burmese men wear Longyi with plain, checked or striped patterns. The dress can be worn upside down and inside out alike.
Normally, people will tie a knot to hold Longyi in place. The knot is often more or less the size of a tennis ball. However, sometimes Longyi is worn without a knot too.What is a Longyi? A longyi is a garment or piece of material that is worn by both men and women on their lower half, is around 2 metres in length and can often look a bit like a long skirt or sarong.
To the untrained eye, it might look like the same type of longyi is worn by both men and women, but in fact there are a few differences. The modern longyi is actually a fairly recent addition to Burmese culture, having become popular during the British colonial rule.
As you might be able to tell from this, the longyi was influenced from nearby Malaysia and also India. Prior to the longyi becoming so popular in Myanmar, most men would wear a taungshay pasowhich was much longer at 9 metres in length and unsewn, while the women wore a htamein The longyi was seen as more practical then both of these, and as a result became more popular.How to Sew Wrap Skirt - Easy Tutorial
How to Wear a Longyi. From here you:. Ensuring that the longyi is tied tightly is pretty crucial in stopping it falling down or becoming loose. Final Word. So there you have it, all the information you could possibly need on the Burmese longyi.
Toggle navigation. View All. All About the Burmese Longyi. Date History The modern longyi is actually a fairly recent addition to Burmese culture, having become popular during the British colonial rule.
From here you: Pull the sides of the longyi outwards so that the material is stretched. Fold both sides inward, one after the other in quick succession. Twist the bottom piece of material over the top and circling around, forming a small tennis ball sized knot. Tuck each end of the knock then back into the longyi. Wrap the rest of the material around your body carefully, ensuring that it is a tight fit. Once you have used all the material up, tuck the end back into longyi.
Final Word So there you have it, all the information you could possibly need on the Burmese longyi. Follow Us Online.I left my laptop in Thailand when I went to Burma. I was told that WiFi would be almost nonexistent, and without cell phone service I relished the idea of returning to my Moleskine instead of a keyboard.
Looking at my notebook months later, my enthusiasm is palpable. But what you experience is real, and in my brief time thus far in Burma, magical. On that second day, I decided to find myself a Burmese longyi, and it quickly turned out to be the best ice breaker I could ask for.
Longyi-clad women and children in Inle Lake, Shan State. A sarong-like tube of fabric worn by both genders, they are called paso when worn by men and htamein by women. The patterns differ by gender as well: for men, a thin plaid or woven stripe, tied by pulling the fabric tight against the back and tying an elegant knot in front.
For women, anything goes: beautiful, bright batik patterns, traditional woven zigazags called acheiqstripes or flowers. Women tie the longyi by pulling all of the fabric to one side, folding back at the hip and tucking into the opposite side of the waist, usually topped with a fitted blouse worn just to the waistband. The women also sew in a thin band of black fabric at the waist of the longyi. My host giving alms to the monks in a traditional Shan longyi on Inle Lake.
I decided to get a longyi when I realized how prevalent they were; almost everyone wears the long traditional skirt and as a solo traveler I thought it would help blend in. Stepping out of my hostel on my 2nd day, I took out a map to figure out where the market was. Within seconds, shadows cast over the map and I looked up in surprise to find 5 women standing there with beaming smiles.
I explained I wanted to find myself a longyi, and the next thing I knew I was holding hands with two of the women and on my way to the fabric store.
Parading me around the store with bolts of fabric on my shoulders, each had a differing opinion about what colours suited me best. I ended up choosing an Indonesian batik in a thin fabric, with deep purples that matched the 2 tops I had in my possession. One of the women in the group turned out to be a tailor and shooed the rest of the ladies away as she took my hand and led me to her apartment.
Set in the back streets of Yangon, her building was subsidized by the government and in terrible shape. View of Yangon from the roof of her apartment. Inside the apartment, her belongings were scattered on display shelves, separating the bed from the rest of her tiny studio.
She quickly sewed the long rectangle of fabric into a longyi, added the black band and made me a delicious dinner.Clothing in Myanmar varies depending on the ethnicitygeography, climate and cultural traditions of the people of each region of Myanmar Burma. The most widely recognized Burmese national costume is the longyiwhich is worn by both males and females nationwide. Burmese clothing also features great diversity in terms of textiles, weaves, fibers, colours and materials, including velvetsilklacemuslinand cotton.
Designs with the peacock insignia were strictly reserved for the royal family and long-tailed hip-length htaingmathein jackets and surcoats were reserved for officials. British rule nonetheless influenced hair fashion and clothing. The longyi in its modern form was popularized during the British colonial period, replacing the traditional paso worn by men and htamein worn by women in pre-colonial times.
Similarly, the pre-colonial paso is only commonly worn during stage performances, including dances and anyeint performances. Acheik weaving originates in Amarapura and became popular during the Konbaung dynastyduring which sumptuary laws regulated who could wear acheik clothing. This costume was popularized during the colonial era. For formal and religious occasions, Burmese women typically don a shawl.
Htaingmathein in Burmese literally means "does not gather while sitting," referring to the fact that the tight-fitting jacket does not crumple up when sitting. This jacket was popular among the aristocratic classes during the Konbaung dynastyand is now most commonly worn by females as wedding attire, or as traditional dance costume. During the colonial era, the gaung baung was streamlined as an article of Burmese attire. The various ethnic groups of Myanmar all have distinct clothing and textile traditions.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on the Culture of Myanmar History.
The story of Longyi – An impressive Myanmar traditional dress
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